Beginner's Growing Guide: Indoor Cannabis Growing

  litescience          2021-11-04

Although growing cannabis indoors has brought some difficulties to novice growers, there are still many people who are willing to challenge. There is a lot of wrong information about how to grow cannabis indoors, and we need to avoid receiving the wrong information.

Today, we are here to provide a guide to growing cannabis indoors to help novice growers get started quickly.

Set up the planting room
The first step in indoor cannabis cultivation is undoubtedly the need to establish a growth space for cannabis. There are many forms to choose from, including planting tents, planting rooms, etc. You can choose the most suitable method according to the actual situation. If you don’t have much experience, you can choose a ready-made, easy-to-implement method. A prefabricated planting room or planting tent will be your best choice.
The planting room can be located in the garage, bedroom, wardrobe, or even any corner of the house.

Planting tent vs planting room vs greenhouse
Planting a tent: You may be wondering what is the fastest and easiest solution. Planting a tent is the simplest and most common solution. The tent has a variety of sizes and styles to choose from. You can create a controllable growth environment for plants without complicated operations such as drilling.
Growth space: The growth space can be a bedroom, a garage, etc. This requires certain experience and skills and is more like a DIY solution. You can buy fans, reflective materials, and hydroponic systems to set up the growth space. There is space, so the cost can be less.
Outdoor planting: There is no doubt that outdoor planting is the most economical option. It only requires a greenhouse and does not need to purchase too much equipment, but the plants may be plagued by unpredictable climate.

Other variables to consider

No matter where cannabis is grown, the growth of plants is inseparable from sunlight. Outdoor planting can rely on sunlight, but indoor planting and greenhouse planting require artificial light sources to supplement the light. HPS lights are very common, but now LED lights are becoming more and more popular. The more popular.

Before planting, you also need to consider how much space is allocated for each plant. Of course, you also need to determine the type of strain you want to plant. Don't forget that the canopy of the plant will also take up some extra space.

Temperature and humidity
Your planting room needs to be warm and humid-but if it is too warm and humid, you will have fungal problems. Make sure to choose a well-ventilated area. 

In most cases, you need to hide your efforts to grow weeds indoors from your neighbors. Make sure you choose a nice and secluded location.

Choose your plant light
If you grow marijuana indoors, then light is one of the issues you need to consider, choosing the best lighting equipment within your budget.

HID Lights
HID lamps are not as expensive as LED plant growth lamps. HID lamps can be divided into metal halide and high-pressure sodium lamps. Metal halide lamps produce blue and white light, which is suitable for the growth stage of plants, while high-pressure sodium lamps produce red-orange light, which is suitable for the flowering stage of plants.
If you choose HID lights, you may need to consider the issue of plant ventilation, because HID tends to generate a lot of heat, you need to purchase additional fans to increase ventilation and reduce the temperature of the planting room.

LED lights
LED lights are becoming more and more popular. Manufacturers can design to produce full-spectrum light. Although they are relatively expensive, they are very efficient and do not generate a lot of heat. This means that you can not only save the cost of cooling equipment. , It also saves a lot of electricity bills.

Good temperature and ventilation
If your indoor air does not flow, then your plants will encounter problems. You should place an exhaust fan in the planting room or tent, and place a filtered air inlet on the other side. The temperature should be kept between 70-85 degrees when the light is turned on, and between 58-70 degrees when the light is turned off. The temperature depends on your cannabis varieties, and each variety may have a little difference.
After the planting room is set up, you may need to test the ventilation system to determine how much airflow is needed to ensure the plant's growth temperature.

Other auxiliary devices
Light timer

The light timer is very important because it helps regulate the dark cycle of the plant. Plants typically need 14-16 hours of light per day during the growing season and should switch to 12 hours of light during flowering. period. The accuracy of the lighting time is very important as the plants also need to rest.

You also need a thermostat to control the temperature. This will prevent the planting room temperature from rising above preset levels.

The hygrometer can track the humidity level in the grow room. If you want to save money, you can buy a combination thermostat and hygrometer.

PH meter or test kit
It is very important to analyze the soil or nutrient solution to find and change the pH value. When trying to understand how to grow hemp, you need to pay attention to the pH range. The pH of the soil should be 6-7 and the pH of the hydroponic solution should be 5.5-6.5.

The type of container used to grow weeds indoors depends mainly on the size and type of plant, the system used, and the growing medium. When planting in a hydroponic system, you can use a tray drainage device that consists of small mesh pots filled with clay or rock wool pebbles. You can grow many small plants in this environment. However, if you are using soil for planting, you may need to add a large 10-gallon nursery for large plants.
You don't have to spend money to buy a container to grow cannabis plants indoors. Instead, go for cheaper options like cloth bags and 5-gallon buckets. These plants are very sensitive to excessive flooding, so make sure you have a proper drainage system for the options you choose.

Determine soil and hydroponic medium.
When growing weeds indoors, you can choose from a variety of soil methods. There are two main types of growing medium: soil and hydroponics.
Soil: Soil is the most common way people grow weeds indoors, primarily because it mimics the plant's natural environment and makes it a more tolerant or inexperienced grower. Any compost can be used as long as it does not contain artificial sustained-release fertilizers. You can also make your own fertile organic soil. This allows you to grow plants without adding nutrients. You can buy this pre-made or make it yourself using worm molds, bat guano, and other high-quality natural materials.

Hydroponics: Many indoor growers are considering using a hydroponic medium to grow hemp indoors because it can absorb nutrients faster. You need to be more precise because you have to feed a concentrated nutrient solution so that the plant roots can absorb it through osmosis.